Cover Story | 1635 At his death, John Cotton of Boston leaves half of his
property to establish a school for poor children and orphans. The
Latin Grammar School (later the Boston Latin School) is the first
educational institution (outside the home) in the American
colonies. The city of Boston helps fund the school with the
proceeds from a land sale. 1642 Parents and apprentice masters must
teach their children "to read and understand the principles of
religion and the capital laws of this country,"