Features
The GIS campus
Tim Shuman
The GIS campus

Legal entanglements

Thailand | A land dispute embroils an international school that serves hundreds of missionary families in one of the most populous parts of the world

Issue: "Probing international adoption," Nov. 16, 2013

In June 2012, Ryan and Rebecca Stowell made a life-altering decision: They left the family restaurant they had managed for almost two decades in Salida, Colo., and moved to Chiang Mai, Thailand, to work as missionaries with Frontier Labourers for Christ. As Ryan settled into his duties as manager of a new conference center where the Barefoot Doctors train, Rebecca helped transition their two sons, 15-year-old Tyler and 12-year-old Caleb—a task made easier with the help of Grace International School (GIS). 

More than 90 percent of the school’s 650 students are children of Christian workers in Central and Southeast Asia. “Without Grace International School, we would probably have to pack up and go home,” Ryan Stowell said.

But the school’s future is in jeopardy. GIS is fighting a legal battle over the land and building it purchased in 2001 that could result in the school’s eviction and a substantial financial loss.

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The local neighborhood association claims GIS purchased the building and facilities, formerly the World Club Sports Complex, illegally and is suing the school and two additional parties—the developer and the bank that funded the transaction—for the rights to the facility.

School administrators claim the transaction was legal and are hoping Thailand’s Supreme Court will hear their case. In the meantime, they are preparing for the worst: If the lower court’s ruling is upheld, GIS may only have a short amount of time to relocate the school, return the Sports Complex facilities to its original condition, and turn over the keys to the complex.

The idea for Grace International School began in the late 1990s. A group of mission organizations compared notes and concluded they were losing field workers in Southeast and Central Asia due to a lack of quality and affordable education for the workers’ children. With 30 percent of the world’s population within a three-hour flight, Thailand has become one of the most prominent missionary hubs on the globe.

From that need, GIS was launched in 1999 with 176 students. In the early days, the school rented the basement of the Sports Complex, which was designed to be the anchor for a new upscale development in Chiang Mai. The neighborhood, Mubaan World Club, has close to 1,000 homes, and the Sports Complex included a variety of enticing perks—one of the largest swimming pools in the area, squash courts, archery, a fitness center, and tennis courts.

This complex has become the cornerstone of a lawsuit that has entangled the school for five years.

The neighborhood association claims the developer promised lifetime memberships to the Sports Club—much like a country club without a golf course—to 300 original homeowners. But in the late 1990s, a recession hit Thailand that resulted in massive repercussions to the housing market. With numerous loans outstanding, the developer rented the basement of the facility to GIS in 1999 and sold the entire Sports Complex to the school in 2001.

The “lifetime members” are still able to enjoy the facilities for free but only during nonschool hours and to a limited degree. Grace scaled back some of the club’s amenities: Several of the squash courts were converted into classrooms, and the archery range and restaurant no longer exist.

Tom Matyas is president and CEO of Grace International Education Foundation—a nonprofit founded in 2008 that raises funds for the school’s building campaign. He says the sale of the facility to GIS was a blessing for homeowners in the neighborhood. “If Grace hadn’t come in, the Sports Complex would have been foreclosed on or sat for years and years,” Matyas said. “In all likelihood the landowners would not have had the Sports Club anyways. Or even worse, they could possibly have had a big structure sitting there empty and unoccupied except for all sorts of rats and rodents.”

Problems didn’t begin for the school until 2009. The government in Thailand passed The Procedures for Consumer Protection Act, giving consumers the right to sue for promises not delivered by the seller. On the day the law took affect, the World Club Nittibukol, or neighborhood association, sued the developer, the bank, and GIS for full rights to the facility.

The following year, the lower court ruled in favor of the association, and GIS filed an appeal and a request to have the case moved to Bangkok. In July 2013, Bangkok’s Appellate Court upheld the lower court’s ruling that GIS should evacuate the Sports Club facility; pay $165,000 plus interest for damages; pay court fees, title transfer fees, and approximately $1,700 in legal fees; and restore the facility to its original condition.

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