Alfred Henry "Freddy" Heineken (Jan. 3), 78, Dutch brewer who helped make his namesake beer one of the world's most popular brands.
Antonio Todde (Jan. 4), 112, an Italian shepherd listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the world's oldest man.
Forrest Boyd (Jan. 5), 80, veteran newscaster and analyst who set a national standard for excellence in both secular and religious radio news reporting.
Burton Edelson (Jan. 6), 75, satellite expert and NASA official who directed the Hubble Space Telescope project.
Edith Olivia Washington Johnson (Jan. 6), 77, college administrator and granddaughter of African-American educator and leader Booker T. Washington. Scientist George Washington Carver was her godfather.
Robert Lamphere (Jan. 7), 83, FBI counterintelligence agent who oversaw high-profile Cold War espionage investigations, including those of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Klaus Fuchs, and Kim Philby.
Dave Thomas (Jan. 8), 69, whose homespun humorous hamburger TV ads helped grow his Wendy's fast-food chain into international business prominence. In his motivational speeches and writings he emphasized family values and adoption-and, in a low-key way, faith.
John Buscema (Jan. 10), 74, Marvel comic book artist who drew Conan the Barbarian, the Silver Surfer, and others.
W.A. Criswell (Jan. 10), 92, one of the best-known and most-influential preachers in the Southern Baptist Convention; he served as pastor at First Baptist Church in downtown Dallas for more than 50 years, and in the late 1970s and early 1980s helped conservatives take the reins of power and change in the SBC.
Cyrus Vance (Jan. 12), 84, lawyer who served in defense posts under presidents Kennedy and Johnson, as U.S. negotiator to the Paris Peace Conference on the Vietnam War (1968-69), and as secretary of state under President Carter.
Gregorio Fuentes (Jan. 13), 104, the fisherman who worked as Ernest Hemingway's captain and cook during the author's nearly 30 years in Cuba and is widely believed to be the title character in The Old Man and the Sea.
Reggie Montgomery (Jan. 13), 54, the first African-American clown to perform with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
Lord Michael Young (Jan. 14), 86, a key architect of Britain's modern welfare state. Ernest Gordon (Jan. 16), 85, Scotland-born Princeton chaplain emeritus who found God in the squalor and suffering of Japanese POW labor camps and chronicled his experiences in Miracle on the River Kwai. He founded CREED (Christian Rescue Effort for the Emancipation of Dissidents) in 1980 and through it made a major impact on U.S.-Soviet relations regarding religious persecution and religious freedom.
Harvey Matusow (Jan. 17), 75, informer who named more than 200 people as communists or communist sympathizers in the 1950s; he later recanted the accusations in his 1955 book False Witness, and served nearly four years in prison for perjury.
Robert M. Joyce Jr. (Jan. 19), 86, Dupont chemist who led the team that developed the non-stick coating Teflon.
Peggy Lee [born Norma Deloris Egstrom] (Jan. 21), 81, jazz-pop singer, songwriter, and actress whose smooth, sultry voice defined the genre.
Stanley Marcus (Jan. 22), 96, long-time president and chairman of the board of luxury retailer Neiman Marcus.
Jack Shea (Jan. 22), 91, gold medal-winning speedskater and patriarch of the nation's first family with three generations of Olympians.
Bernard Price (Jan. 24), 86, one of a small number of Harlem Globetrotter players honored by the team with Legends status. He scored more than 3,000 points during the 1941-42 season alone, helping to defeat some of the top NBA teams.
Robert L. Webb (Jan. 25), 75, a chemist who developed a process in the 1950s to transform turpentine from pine needles into flavors and fragrances used in toothpaste, mouthwash, vitamin pills, candies, perfumes, soap, and other products worldwide.
David W. Barry (Jan. 28), 58, medical scientist who co-discovered AZT, the antiviral drug considered the first effective treatment for AIDS.
Astrid Lindgren (Jan. 28), 94, Swedish children's writer of more than 100 works translated into dozens of languages. Her most popular character, cherished by youngsters around the world for decades, was freckled Pippi Longstocking, with her unmistakable braided hair and mismatched stockings.
Dick (Night Train) Lane (Jan. 29), 73, former soldier who left his job at an airplane plant to try out with the L.A. Rams in 1952, becoming one of the best defensive cornerbacks in NFL history; his record of 14 interceptions that rookie season still stands.
Joshua Miner (Jan. 29), 81, educator who introduced Outward Bound to the United States in 1961; 80 students enrolled in the first outdoors course, but 600,000 have participated since.
Inge Morath (Jan. 30), 78, portrait and feature-news photographer who frequently collaborated with her playwright husband, Arthur Miller, on book projects (she provided the pictures, he the prose), including In Russia (1969) and In the Country (1977).
Francis "Gabby" Gabreski (Jan. 31), 83, known for many years as "America's greatest living ace" for shooting down a record 31 enemy planes in World War II and six more in the Korean War.
Claude Brown (Feb. 2), 64, writer who described his experiences growing up poor in Harlem alongside drug dealers, murderers, and prostitutes in his 1965 bestseller Manchild in the Promised Land, now required reading in many high schools and colleges.
Robert L. Chapman (Feb. 2), 81, Drew University scholar and English professor who edited Roget's Thesaurus.
Graham Guilford Haddock Jr. (Feb. 6), 84, Higgins Industries worker whose tinkering with a cigar box led to the design for the Higgins boats that carried Allied troops ashore in the 1944 invasion of Normandy and other beach assaults.
Albert R. Paris (Feb. 7), 75, the Reading, Pa., policeman whose flamboyant, dancing style while directing traffic brought him national attention on TV's Candid Camera.
William Dillard (Feb. 8), 87, retailer who opened his first department store, Dillard's, at the peak of the Depression and led the chain to become the third largest in the country.
Princess Margaret (Feb. 9), 71, free-spirited unconventional younger sister of Queen Elizabeth II of England who sparked a royal scandal in the 1950s when she nearly married a divorced man.
John Erickson (Feb. 10), 72, Edinburgh scholar who wrote definitive books on the Soviet Union and the Red Army, including The Road to Stalingrad (1975).
Traudl Junge (Feb. 10), 81, an Adolf Hitler secretary who took his last will and testament.
Vernon Walters (Feb. 10), 85, army general, linguistically gifted aide to seven presidents, and U.S. ambassador to the UN and Germany.
Frank Crosetti (Feb. 11), 91, unyielding shortstop great for the New York Yankees for 17 seasons in the 1930s and '40s, including eight World Series championships, and third-base coach for 20 more years.
Victor Posner (Feb. 11), 83, corporate raider who once owned Arby's and Royal Crown Cola but was fingered by the feds in a fraudulent takeover scheme involving shady investment tycoons Michael Milken and Ivan Boesky.
Waylon Jennings (Feb. 13), 64, country musician who recorded 60 albums and boasted 16 No. 1 hits, including "Mamas, Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" and "I'm a Ramblin' Man."
Norman Davidson (Feb. 14), 85, scientist and National Medal of Science winner whose work in molecular biology paved the way for the mapping of the human genome.
Howard K. Smith (Feb. 15), 87, broadcast news veteran who covered WWII, the Nuremberg trials, the Cold War, and the civil-rights protests of the 1960s for CBS; co-anchored The ABC Evening News 1969-75.
John W. Gardner (Feb. 16), 89, creator of Medicare as secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under President Johnson. He also founded Common Cause, the liberal grassroots organization.
John W. Alexander (Feb. 18), 83, Wisconsin geography professor who left academia to lead InterVarsity Christian Fellowship 1965-81. During his tenure, IV's student membership increased from 9,000 to 31,000 on 825 campuses.
Stephen Longstreet (Feb. 20), 94, screenwriter and author of more than 100 fiction and nonfiction books; best known for chronicling the colorful world of jazz during the 20th century.
Daniel Pearl (Feb. 21), 38, Wall Street Journal reporter murdered by captors who kidnapped him in Pakistan.
Chuck Jones (Feb. 22), 89, animator of such classic cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and Elmer Fudd; he spent 30 of his 70 years as an animator at Warner Bros., bringing to life the Looney Tunes and Merry Melodies series.
Jonas Savimbi (Feb. 22), 67, charismatic Angola UNITA rebel backed by the United States as a Cold War ally but later abandoned as a pariah when he refused to end his country's devastating civil war.
Gordon Matthews (Feb. 23), 65, the inventor of voice mail.
Herbert Houck (Feb. 24), 86, World War II Navy flying ace who led the assault that sank the Japanese battleship Yamato during the campaign for Okinawa.
Mary Stuart (Feb. 28), 76, the central character on the long-running soap opera Search for Tomorrow and Meta Bauer on The Guiding Light.
John A. Blume (March 1), 92, internationally acclaimed structural engineer known for his advancements in earthquake-safe designs.
William Berg (March 2), 84, a Walt Disney Studios artist known for his Donald Duck cartoons and "Scamp" comic strip.
Harlan Howard (March 3), 74, country-music composer who wrote more than 100 Top 10 hits, including "Busted" and "I Fall to Pieces."
Tony Gonzales (March 4), 72, the masked bad-guy professional wrestler known in the ring as "The Mysterious Medic."
William Nagle (March 5), 54, a former Special Forces soldier who came home from Vietnam, wrote the novel The Odd Angry Shot, and went on to direct many films, plays and television shows, including the acclaimed 1986 World War II film Death of a Soldier.
Mati Klarwein (March 6), 70, the surrealist painter who designed psychedelic album covers for rock bands and jazz musicians, including Santana, Miles Davis, and Earth Wind and Fire.
Shelley Mydans (March 7), 86, journalist who, with her photographer husband Carl, covered World War II in Asia for Life magazine. They spent almost two years in a Japanese POW camp, chronicled in her novel The Open City.
Don Odle (March 7), Taylor University's basketball coach for 32 years and coach of Taiwan's national team at the 1960 Olympics. A pioneer in Christian sports evangelism, Odle founded the globe-circling basketball missionary group Venture for Victory in 1952.
James Tobin (March 11), 84, influential Yale economist and author who advised President Kennedy to cut taxes (a move that sparked the economic boom of the 1960s) and who won the 1981 Nobel Prize in economics.
Spyros Kyprianou (March 12), 69, president of Cyprus for 11 years until 1988, a leader of hard-line Greek Cypriots opposed to the war-divided island's breakaway Turkish state.
"Fast Eddie" Watkins (March 13), 82, notorious Cleveland-based bank robber who claimed to have taken $1.5 million in 55 holdups from coast to coast and spent more than 50 years behind bars, escaping numerous times. He was released in 1995.
Dean Bumpus (March 14), 89, oceanographer who tossed tens of thousands of bottles into the Atlantic Ocean to analyze its currents. Each bottle contained a number and a note asking the finder to send him a postcard indicating when and where the bottle was discovered. About 10 percent were returned.
A.L. Barry (March 15), 69, conservative president since 1962 of the 2.6-million-member Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod.
William Scholl (March 15), 81, British footwear designer who in the 1970s introduced Dr. Scholl's, the popular wooden sandals worn by millions of women, named after his family's foot-care business.
Sylvester "Pat" Weaver (March 15), 93, a former NBC head who in the early 1950s helped invent modern TV programming; he created the Today and Tonight shows and developed the concept of prime-time specials.
Don Carney (March 16), 79, TV sports producer and director responsible for the first instant replay in a baseball telecast.
Paul Runyan (March 17), 93, the two-time PGA champion known as "Little Poison" for beating the biggest names in golf with his crafty short game, making every putt.
Van Tien Dung (March 17), 84, communist revolutionary and Hanoi's military chief of staff who commanded the North Vietnamese forces that captured Saigon in the final act of the Vietnam War.
Alonzo G. Decker Jr. (March 18), 94, who turned Black & Decker into an industrial giant by marketing power tools for home use.
Maud Farris-Luse (March 18), 115, the Michigan woman recognized last year by the Guinness World Records book as the world's oldest living person.
Carl McIntire (March 19), 95, long-time pastor of Collingswood (N.J.) Presbyterian Church and a self-styled "fighting fundamentalist" and leader of separatist churches who aired his anti-communist, anti-liberal Twentieth-Century Reformation Hour on hundreds of radio stations in the 1950s and 1960s.
James F. Blake (March 21), 89, the Montgomery bus driver who ordered Rosa Parks to give up her seat to a white passenger and had her arrested when she refused.
Abdullah bin Laden (March 21), 75, patriarch of the wealthy Saudi family and estranged uncle of suspected terrorist Osama bin Laden.
Herman Talmadge (March 21), 88, Democratic politician who served as governor of Georgia and four terms as a U.S. senator. He went from staunch segregationist in the 1950s to a moderate who drew strong support from Georgia's poor African-American population two decades later.
Benjamin Smith Sr. (March 22), 87, pastor of Philadelphia's largest black church (Deliverance Evangelistic [Pentecostal] Church, with more than 6,000 members); he was a strong theological and social conservative who stirred the city's conscience.
Tom Economus (March 23), 46, former Catholic altarboy who was abused by clergy and became an advocate for other victims. His group, The Linkup, tracks abuse cases and assists in lawsuits.
Dorothy DeLay (March 24), 84, internationally known Juilliard violin teacher whose students included Itzhak Perlman, Midori, and Sarah Chang. She was the first woman and the first American-born master violin teacher.
Milton Berle (March 27), 93, Emmy Award-winning actor and TV show host/comedian who earned the nickname "Mr. Television."
Dudley Moore (March 27), 66, British comic actor who pined for "perfect woman" Bo Derek in 10 and, as a forlorn rich drunk, fell for Liza Minelli in Arthur.
Elizabeth [Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon] (March 30), 101, Britain's Queen Mother, arguably the most popular member of England's royal family. She became queen of England in 1936 when her husband, George VI, ascended to the throne. Older Britons remember her as the queen who endured the German blitz with them and visited their shattered homes.
John Robinson Pierce (April 2), 92, Bell Laboratories electrical engineer who coined the word transistor. He also played a key role in the development and launch of Telstar in 1962, the first active communications satellite.
John Agar (April 7), 81, Air Force sergeant who married Shirley Temple and became an actor; the couple appeared together in Fort Apache and Adventure in Baltimore. But alcoholism destroyed his marriage and ruined his acting career.
Annalee Davis Thorndike (April 7), 87, who made the hand-painted collectible dolls that bear her first name.
Dorothy Love Coates [born Dorothy McGriff] (April 9), 74, gospel singer and songwriter whose music was recorded by stars like Johnny Cash and Ray Charles. She was known for her rough, gravelly voice and her passionate performances.
Ivy Olson (April 7), 60, founder of Angel Networks Charities for hungry and homeless people in Hawaii and one of President Bush's 1992 "Thousand Points of Light." She was inspired to launch the charity after a stranger took her and her two sons into her home for Thanksgiving dinner. The story was dramatized in the 1994 pilot for the TV series Touched by an Angel.
Robert E. Rothenberg (April 10), 93, hospital surgery chief and medical author who during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II performed surgeries on casualties for nearly 60 hours without a break.
Roy Gustafson (April 12), 87, longtime associate evangelist with the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and Holy Lands tour guide.
Buck Baker (April 14), 83, one of NASCAR's greatest drivers, racing tutor, and winner of 46 Winston Cup races.
Staley Thomas McBrayer (April 14), 92, the newspaper publisher who invented the web offset press in 1954 and began moving the industry away from "hot type" and metal plates to printing from photographic images, slashing time and costs.
Rusty Burrell (April 15), 76, the bailiff in Judge Joseph Wapner's TV courtroom The People's Court. He was a real-life bailiff during a number of high-profile trials, including those of Charles Manson and Patty Hearst.
Byron White (April 15), 84, last surviving member of the Warren Court; he was considered a "swing" justice who typically voted with liberals on civil-rights cases (though he later opposed broad use of affirmative action as a remedy to past discrimination) and with conservatives on personal liberty and criminal justice issues. He dissented from the 1973 Roe vs. Wade ruling.
Ruth Fertel (April 16), 75, who mortgaged her home on a hunch that she could run a restaurant and then watched it expand into the worldwide chain of Ruth's Chris Steak Houses.
Robert Urich (April 16), 55, Emmy Award-winning actor who starred in the TV series Vega$ and Spenser: For Hire.
Walter Wurzburger (April 16), 82, a modern Orthodox rabbi, philosopher, teacher, and head of the Rabbinical Council of America.
Thor Heyerdahl (April 18), 87, Norwegian explorer, anthropologist, and author who tested his ideas about human migration by sailing in primitive vessels, including a 4,900-mile voyage across the Pacific on a raft named Kon-Tiki.
Del Sharbutt (April 26), 90, broadcast network announcer who became one of the most familiar voices on the air during the radio and early TV era. He was a spokesman for Campbell's soups, where he originated the familiar commercial, "Mmm-mm-good."
Ruth Handler (April 27), 85, co-founder of Mattel and creator of the Barbie doll. It debuted in 1959.
Aleksandr Lebed (April 28), 52, Russian provincial governor and general who in 1991 persuaded Boris Yeltsin to declare himself the military's supreme commander and rally the troops to thwart a coup attempt by hard-liners.
Peter Bauer (May 3), 86, Hungarian-born British economist who opposed foreign aid for poor countries.
Bruce Bassett (May 4), 66, Air Force engineer who developed the pressure suit used by pilots of the U-2 and SR-71 Blackbird U.S. spy planes.
Hugo Banzer (May 5), 75, president and former dictator who led Bolivia to democracy and helped wipe out cocaine production.
Otis Blackwell (May 6), 70, songwriter of hits made famous by Elvis ("Don't Be Cruel"), Jerry Lee Lewis ("Great Balls of Fire"), and James Taylor ("Handy Man").
Curtis Williams (May 6), 24, University of Washington football player who was permanently paralyzed during a game in October 2000.
Kevyn Aucoin (May 7), 40, master makeup artist whose clients included Cindy Crawford and Britney Spears.
Seattle Slew (May 7), 28, black thoroughbred that captured the 1977 Triple Crown.
Joe Bonanno (May 11), 97, Sicily-born Mafia don of one of New York's original five crime families.
Bill Peet (May 11), 87, Disney writer and illustrator (Dumbo) who wrote the screenplay for 101 Dalmatians and worked on Cinderella and Fantasia.
Dave Berg (May 16), 81, cartoonist who created Mad magazine's "The Lighter Side Of" comic strip that satirized aspects of American life for decades.
Joe Black (May 18), 78, the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game (as a Brooklyn Dodgers hurler against the New York Yankees in 1952).
Walter Lord (May 19), 84, historian who penned the bestselling A Night to Remember, the definitive chronicle of the sinking of the Titanic and the basis for the 1997 film Titanic. He also wrote Day of Infamy, an account of the attack at Pearl Harbor.
Stephen Jay Gould (May 20), 60, revered Harvard paleontologist and science writer who argued that evolutionary change in the fossil record occurred suddenly rather than gradually.
Richard Mudd (May 21), 101, physician who was consumed with clearing the name of his grandfather, Dr. Samuel Mudd, who was convicted by a military court of conspiring in the assassination of President Lincoln. Dr. Mudd set John Wilkes Booth's broken leg after the murder.
Alexandru Todea (May 21), 89, Romanian priest and secretly consecrated bishop who became a symbol of Catholic resistance while spending more than 14 years in communist prisons.
Faye Dancer (May 22), 77, one of the greats of the All American Girls Professional Baseball League in the 1940s, known for her catching, hitting, and base stealing for the Minneapolis, Fort Wayne, and Peoria teams.
Paul Lindstrom (May 22), 62, educator, homeschooling pioneer, and patriotic pastor of the Church of Christian Liberty in Arlington Heights, Ill., for 38 years.
Sam Snead (May 23), 89, golfing's smooth-swing winner of seven major championships and a record 81 PGA tour events.
Mildred Benson (May 28), 96, author, under the name Carolyn Keene, of 23 of the first 30 Nancy Drew mystery novels.
Martin Burnham (June 7), 42, American missionary slain during a U.S.-Filipino attempt to rescue him from kidnappers. He died in the gun battle; his wife, Gracia, was freed.
Keith Fuller (June 7), 79, who as president of The Associated Press for nearly a decade guided the world's largest newsgathering organization into an age of stories and pictures transmitted by satellite instead of telephone and teletype.
John Gotti (June 10), 61, imprisoned mobster who headed the Gambino crime family 1985-92.
Bill Blass (June 12), 79, fashion designer and deft marketer of his name.
J. Carter Brown (June 17), 67, arts czar who oversaw the development of many monuments in Washington.
Jack Buck (June 18), 77, Hall of Fame broadcaster and beloved radio voice of the St. Louis Cardinals for almost 50 years.
Beverly Axelrod (June 19), 78, activist and lawyer whose clients included Black Panther leader Eldridge Cleaver and other militants of the 1960s and '70s.
Kenneth S. Kantzer (June 20), 85, towering figure on the evangelical theological scene for decades, most notably at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.
Darryl Kile (June 22), 33, St. Louis Cardinals pitcher who died in his sleep just three days after pitching his team into first place in the National League's Central Division.
Ann Landers [Esther "Eppie" Lederer] (June 22), 83, syndicated columnist whose witty and frank advice reached about 90 million readers worldwide. She competed with her twin sister, Pauline, known as Dear Abby.
Jay Berwanger (June 26), 88, University of Chicago star halfback and first winner of the Heisman Trophy in 1935. He was the first player ever drafted by the NFL, but he never played pro: His asking price of $25,000 over two seasons was too much.
John Entwistle (June 27), 57, The Who's virtuoso bass player who co-founded the band and helped make it one of the biggest in rock history.
Rosemary Clooney (June 29), 74, deep-voiced singer and actress who was one of the country's premier jazz and pop singers of the 1950s and '60s.
Benjamin Davis Jr. (July 4), 89, the first African-American U.S. Air Force general, who during World War II led the Tuskegee Airmen, the pioneering group of all-black fighter pilots, and paved the way for the integration of the military.
Ted Williams (July 5), 83, Boston Red Sox legend, whose passion for hitting was unrivaled, as were his results: a career .344 batting average, 521 home runs, six-time American League batting champion, baseball's last .400 hitter. He missed five seasons flying as a military pilot in WWII and the Korean War.
Ward Kimball (July 8), 88, Disney artist who created Jiminy Cricket and was animation director on Fantasia, Dumbo, and Cinderella.
Rod Steiger (July 9), 77, versatile character actor who won a Best Actor Oscar for his role as a Southern sheriff in 1968's In the Heat of the Night.
Yousuf Karsh (July 14), 93, photographer who attracted international prominence with his 1941 portrait of a wartime defiant Winston Churchill.
Richard W. De Haan (July 16), 79, creator in 1968 of the weekly Day of Discovery television program, and voice of the daily Radio Bible Class broadcast for more than 30 years.
Floyd Thompson (July 16), 69, Army Special Forces major who was the country's longest-serving prisoner of war, having endured nine years of isolation and starvation in South Vietnam.
Alexandr Ginzburg (July 19), 66, one of the Soviet Union's most prominent dissenters and father of samizdat (underground self-publishing).
Chaim Potok (July 23), 73, prolific Hasidic rabbi-turned-author who portrayed American Jewish life from an empathetic insider's perspective through bestselling novels such as The Chosen and The Promise.
Chick Hearn (Aug. 5), 85, Los Angeles Lakers play-by-play announcer for 42 years.
Darrell Porter (Aug. 5), 50, major league All-Star catcher who was the MVP of the 1982 World Series with the St. Louis Cardinals. Drug addiction nearly destroyed his career, but he reached out to Christ in a New York hotel, turned around his life, and became a Fellowship of Christian Athletes speaker.
Robert Borkenstein (Aug. 10), 89, scientist who invented the Breathalyzer, a device that provided prosecutors with concrete evidence of intoxication.
Ed Headrick (Aug. 12), 78, toy designer who modified the Pluto Platter, a clunky flying disc, and created the modern, aerodynamic Frisbee.
Enos "Country" Slaughter (Aug. 12), 86, St. Louis Cardinals outfielder best remembered for his "Mad Dash" from first base to score the winning run over Boston in Game 7 of the 1946 World Series.
Hugh Lytle (Aug. 16), 100, whose teletype message from Honolulu provided The Associated Press and the world with the first account of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Hoyt Wilhelm (Aug. 23), 79, knuckleball artist who pitched in a then-record 1,070 major league games, winning 143 games and saving 227 over 21 seasons and nine teams.
Steven Snyder (Aug. 27), 53, president of International Christian Concern, who gained prominence from Indonesia to Sudan for his forays into religious conflict and provocative lobbying on behalf of the persecuted.
Martin Kamen (Aug. 31), 89, biochemist who discovered carbon-14, used to date archeological and anthropological artifacts.
Lionel Hampton (Aug. 31), 94, pianist, drummer, and dynamic jazz vibraphonist whose rollicking delivery and backbeat influenced generations of jazz musicians and helped to usher in rock 'n' roll.
Orvan Hess (Sept. 6), 96, pioneering obstetrician and gynecologist who in 1942 became the first physician to successfully use penicillin clinically when he treated a woman on the verge of death from scarlet fever. Then, in 1957, he developed the first fetal heart monitor with Dr. Edward Hon.
Uzi Gal (Sept. 7), 79, inventor of Israel's most famous contribution to the arms industry: the Uzi submachine gun, used by armies and secret services around the world.
Pee Koelewijn (Sept. 10), 62, Dutch Christian pro-Israel activist who helped 70,000 Ukrainian and Ethiopian Jews immigrate to Israel.
Johnny Unitas (Sept. 11), 69, record-setting quarterback (three times MVP and 10 Pro Bowls) who led the Baltimore Colts to NFL titles in 1958 and 1959 and a Super Bowl win in 1970. The 1959 overtime victory over the Giants is widely considered the greatest NFL game ever.
John Harper (Sept. 13), 78, rector of Washington, D.C.'s St. John's Episcopal Church across the street from the White House for 30 years who preached to eight presidents, from Kennedy to Clinton.
Francois Xavier Nguyen Van Thuan (Sept. 15), 74, Vatican cardinal imprisoned for 13 years by the communists in Vietnam when he was Catholic archbishop of Saigon.
Bob "Bullet" Hayes (Sept. 18), 59, big-play wide receiver with world-class speed for the Dallas Cowboys in the late 1960s; he remains the only person to win an Olympic gold medal (he tied the then 100-meter world record of 10.05 seconds at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics) and a Super Bowl title.
Tatyana Velikanova (Sept. 19), 70, leading member of the Soviet-era dissident movement.
William Rosenberg (Sept. 20), 86, entrepreneur who expanded his Massachusetts coffee shop into the 5,000-location Dunkin' Donuts, one of the biggest coffee chains in the world.
Eduard Gufeld (Sept. 23), 66, chess grandmaster from the Georgian Republic who trained the Soviet team that dominated the game in the 1970s and '80s.
Kathleen McGrath (Sept. 26), 50, U.S. Navy captain who became the first woman to command a warship (the USS Jarrett on Persian Gulf duty).
Walter Annenberg (Oct. 1), 94, publisher, philanthropist, and art collector who presided over media empire Triangle Publications (Philadelphia Inquirer, TV Guide, and broadcast properties) from 1942 until 1988, when he sold the business to Rupert Murdoch for $3.2 billion.
Paul M. Washington (Oct. 7), 81, liberal Episcopal priest and social crusader who allowed the ordination of 11 women at his Philadelphia church in 1974 even though it was against church law at the time. The law was changed in 1974.
Stephen Ambrose (Oct. 13), 66, military historian and prolific writer of best-selling, authoritative war chronicles (mostly about World War II) and biographies; he was caught up in controversy early this year over the manner of citing other sources.
Keene Curtis (Oct. 13), 79, Tony Award-winning actor who played Daddy Warbucks in Annie on Broadway and was the upstairs restaurant owner on the TV show Cheers.
Paul Wellstone (Oct. 25), liberal Democratic U.S. senator from Minnesota, killed in a plane crash while campaigning for reelection.
Mary Parr (Oct. 29), 113, believed to be the oldest person in the United States at the time. Her often-told secret of longevity: "Never getting married."
George Salyer (Nov. 3), 101, retired Boeing engineer who set two skydiving records, the first on his 91st birthday.
Rudolf Augstein (Nov. 7), 79, who founded Der Spiegel newsweekly in the ruins of postwar Germany and turned it into the country's most respected magazine.
Henry Taylor Howard (Nov. 13), 70, Stanford professor and former NASA scientist who created the first-known home satellite television system in 1976.
Mustafa Mashhour (Nov. 14), 81, leader of Egypt's banned Muslim Brotherhood, which advocates turning Egypt into a strict Islamic state. He spent more than 20 years in prison.
Abba Eban (Nov. 17), 87, Cambridge-educated statesman who, as Israel's ambassador to the UN and the United States, helped persuade the world to approve creation of the Jewish state.
James Coburn (Nov. 18), 74, actor known for his roles in films such as The Magnificent Seven, Our Man Flint, and his Oscar-winning performance as an alcoholic father in Affliction. He supplied the voice of the Monsters, Inc. CEO Henry J. Waternoose.
Mitchell Burns (Nov. 19), 75, former Ku Klux Klansman who turned FBI informant and helped convict two Klansmen in a 1963 church bombing in Birmingham that killed four African-American girls.
Hadda Brooks (Nov. 21), 86, "Queen of the Boogie" pianist in the mid-1940s and later a torch singer with hits such as "That's My Desire" and "Dream." In the early 1950s, she became the first African-American entertainer to host a TV variety show.
Buddy Kaye (Nov. 21), 84, songwriter and lyricist whose 400 songs included hits for Perry Como ("Till the End of Time"), Frank Sinatra ("Full Moon and Empty Arms"), and Barry Manilow ("The Old Songs").
Parley Baer (Nov. 22), 88, mayor on The Andy Griffith Show, the voice of the Keebler cookie elf in TV commercials, and the voice of Chester on radio's Gunsmoke.
Ray L. Wallace (Nov. 26), 84, the man who used 16-inch feet-shaped carvings to create tracks that started the "Bigfoot" legend.
Verne Winchell (Nov. 26), 87, founder of the nationwide Winchell's Donut Houses in the 1950s with a $27,000 stake. He sold the business to Denny's Restaurants for stock in 1970 and became Denny's chairman.
Howard "Happy" Goodman (Nov. 30), 81, pioneering gospel music singer who performed for half a century as leader of the Happy Goodman Family, a group that recorded 15 No. 1 gospel songs.
Edward "Ned" Beach (Dec. 1), 84, the U.S. Navy captain and World War II hero whose 1960 record for circumnavigating the globe in a submarine (the nuclear Triton) still stands and who wrote the best-selling undersea thriller Run Silent, Run Deep.
Eugene T. "Bob" Gregorie (Dec. 1), 94, the Ford motor company's first design chief and the creator of the venerable Lincoln Continental.
Dave McNally (Dec. 1), 60, a Baltimore Orioles pitcher and three-time All-Star whose landmark victory in an arbitration case opened baseball's free-agent era and led to multimillion-dollar salaries.
Theresa Miller (Dec. 2), 44, a Columbine High School teacher who ran through the hallways warning people during the 1999 massacre there; a cancer victim.
Gilbert Wyland (Dec. 2), 87, CBS television executive who brought the Rose Parade and the Winter Olympics to television audiences. The first Winter Olympics broadcast came in 1960; CBS was outbid by NBC and ABC, but the other networks could not figure out how to keep camera equipment from freezing and gave up on the broadcast.
Henry Chauncey (Dec. 3), 97, credited with turning the SAT into an admission standard used by colleges and universities.
Roone Arledge (Dec. 5), 71, a pioneering television executive at ABC News and Sports responsible for creating shows from Monday Night Football to Nightline. The 36-time Emmy winner was cited as one of the 100 most important Americans of the 20th century by Life magazine in 1990.
Philip Berrigan (Dec. 6), 79, former Catholic priest and perennial protester in anti-war, anti-nuclear, and anti-military activities. Arrested at least 100 times, he spent 11 years behind bars.
John Dellenback (Dec. 7), 84, former Oregon congressman who headed the Peace Corps under President Ford. An active Christian, he was president of the Washington-based Christian College Coalition 1977-'88.
Theodore Shackley (Dec. 9), 75, station chief of the CIA's Miami office during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.
Bob Christon (Dec. 11), 87, one of the last of the 400 men who worked on Mount Rushmore. He made tools in the blacksmith shop for 60 to 75 cents an hour and later founded his own grinding company.
Charles E. Fraser (Dec. 15), 73, developer whose idea in 1957 to build a bridge to a sparsely populated island on the southern tip of South Carolina helped turn Hilton Head Island into a world-class resort.
Keith McCaw (Dec. 15), 49, billionaire whose family created a cellular phone empire, but he was reportedly never a major player. He ended his role as an employee in 1986, but continued as a director until 1991. He was found dead in his hot tub.
Antonio John Palumbo (Dec. 16), 96, who with his father in 1932 bought a coal company and worked as a miner. He became a millionaire and gave $14 million to colleges, the Mayo Clinic, and a Christian high school.